Technical Program

Paper Detail

Paper: PS-1A.1
Session: Poster Session 1A
Location: H Lichthof
Session Time: Saturday, September 14, 16:30 - 19:30
Presentation Time:Saturday, September 14, 16:30 - 19:30
Presentation: Poster
Publication: 2019 Conference on Cognitive Computational Neuroscience, 13-16 September 2019, Berlin, Germany
Paper Title: Tracking Motivational Biases and Their Suppression in Time and Space
Manuscript:  Click here to view manuscript
License: Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
Authors: Johannes Algermissen, Jennifer C. Swart, Emma J. van Dijk, René Scheeringa, Roshan Cools, Hanneke E. M. den Ouden, Radboud University Nijmegen, the Netherlands, Netherlands
Abstract: Action selection is not only based on acquired knowledge about action-outcome contingencies, but also by evolutionary "priors" such as motivational biases: Organisms show a tendency to invigorate responding when hoping for rewards, and to hold back when attempting to avoid punishments. While these biases are likely adaptive in many situations, they need to be inhibited when maladaptive. We probed the neural basis of overcoming these biases by measuring simultaneous EEG and fMRI. Successful detection and suppression of biases was associated with an increased synchronization in the alpha band 175-325 ms post-stimulus, which on a trial-by-trial basis was negatively correlated with BOLD signal in left MFG and right SMG. At a later time window around responses, there was a much stronger synchronization for executed vs. withheld actions in lower frequencies (peak in theta band), which was positively correlated on a trial-by-trial basis with BOLD signal in ACC/ SMA as well as bilateral motor cortex and operculum. Our work spatially locates oscillatory signatures of action selection and motivational conflict resolution.