Technical Program

Paper Detail

Paper: PS-2A.1
Session: Poster Session 2A
Location: H Lichthof
Session Time: Sunday, September 15, 17:15 - 20:15
Presentation Time:Sunday, September 15, 17:15 - 20:15
Presentation: Poster
Publication: 2019 Conference on Cognitive Computational Neuroscience, 13-16 September 2019, Berlin, Germany
Paper Title: Are Topographic Deep Convolutional Neural Networks Better Models of the Ventral Visual Stream?
Manuscript:  Click here to view manuscript
License: Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
Authors: Kamila Maria Jozwik, University of Cambridge and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, United States; Hyodong Lee, Nancy Kanwisher, James DiCarlo, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, United States
Abstract: Neural computations along the ventral visual stream, -- which culminates in the inferior temporal (IT) cortex -- enable humans and monkeys to recognize objects quickly. Primate IT is organized topographically: nearby neurons have similar response properties. Yet the best models of the ventral visual stream - deep artificial neural networks (ANNs) – have “IT” layers that lack topography. We built Topographic Deep ANNs (TDANNs) by incorporating a proxy wiring cost alongside the standard ImageNet categorization cost in the two “IT-like” layers of AlexNet (Lee et al., 2018), by specifying that “neurons” that have similar response properties should be physically close to each other. This cost both induced topographic structure and altered tuning characteristics of model IT neurons. We presented 2560 naturalistic images to monkeys and to ANNs. We found that, relative to the base (nontopographic) model, the “neurons” in the “IT” layer of some of the TDANN models matched actual IT neurons slightly better, and the dimensionality of the TDANN “IT” neural population was much closer to that of the measured monkey IT neural population. We also found that, while TDANNs did not show a statistically significant better match to human object discrimination behavior, detailed analysis suggests a trend in that direction. Taken together, TDANNs may better capture properties of IT cortex and wiring costs might be the cause of topographic organization in primate IT.