Technical Program

Paper Detail

Paper: PS-1A.48
Session: Poster Session 1A
Location: H Lichthof
Session Time: Saturday, September 14, 16:30 - 19:30
Presentation Time:Saturday, September 14, 16:30 - 19:30
Presentation: Poster
Publication: 2019 Conference on Cognitive Computational Neuroscience, 13-16 September 2019, Berlin, Germany
Paper Title: Visual Expertise and the Familiar Face Advantage
Manuscript:  Click here to view manuscript
License: Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
Authors: Nicholas Blauch, Marlene Behrmann, David Plaut, Carnegie Mellon University, United States
Abstract: Human expertise for recognizing unfamiliar faces has recently been called into question, highlighting a deficit when compared to familiar face recognition. We present simulations of a fixed-architecture deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) with different training regimens, highlighting the extent to which learning to recognize many "familiar" faces allows for robust, but incomplete, generalization to new "unfamiliar" faces as compared to performance after familiarization. With some training, verification performance for previously unfamiliar faces improves modestly, but the performance difference between unfamiliar and familiar faces is much smaller than the performance boost from pre-training on faces as compared to objects in the ImageNet 1000-way image classification database. We also assess the generalization performance of our networks to other fine-grained visual tasks such as bird species and car model verification. We find that expert face recognition does not improve generalization to birds or cars compared to a network trained on a subset of ImageNet with all vehicles and birds removed. We conclude that the specific learned statistics within a domain of visual expertise determine its generalization to other domains, in contrast with domain-general accounts which highlight level of processing over domain-specific statistics.