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Paper Detail

Paper: PS-1B.62
Session: Poster Session 1B
Location: H Fl├Ąche 1.OG
Session Time: Saturday, September 14, 16:30 - 19:30
Presentation Time:Saturday, September 14, 16:30 - 19:30
Presentation: Poster
Publication: 2019 Conference on Cognitive Computational Neuroscience, 13-16 September 2019, Berlin, Germany
Paper Title: Novel Object Scale Differences in Deep Convolutional Neural Networks versus Human Object Recognition Areas
Manuscript:  Click here to view manuscript
License: Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
Authors: Astrid Zeman, Chayenne Van Meel, Hans Op de Beeck, KULeuven, Belgium
Abstract: Deep Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) are lauded for their high accuracy in object classification, as well as their striking similarity to human brain and behaviour. Both humans and CNNs maintain high classification accuracy despite changes in the scale, rotation, and translation of objects. In this study, we present images of novel objects at different scales and compare representational similarity in the human brain versus CNNs. We measure human fMRI responses in primary visual cortex (V1) and the object selective lateral occipital complex (LOC). We also measure the internal representations of CNNs that have been trained for large-scale object recognition. Novel objects lack consensus on their name and identity, and therefore do not clearly belong to any specific object category. These novel objects are individuated in LOC, but not V1. V1 and LOC both significantly represent size and pixel information. In contrast, the late layers of CNNs show they are able to individuate objects but do not retain size information. Thus, while the human brain and CNNs are both able to recognise objects in spite of changes to their size, only the human brain retains this size information throughout the later stages of information processing.